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Jaundice in Babies

Jaundice in babies Jaundice refers to yellow discolouration of the skin or white of the eyes. There are 2 types of jaundice in babies: Newborn jaundice (Jaundice that develops within first few days of life) and prolonged jaundice (Jaundice lasting more than 2 weeks) What is Newborn jaundice? Jaundice is caused by a buildup of […]

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Pancreas Conditions

Pancreas Conditions in Children The pancreas is an organ that lies behind the stomach at the upper abdomen. The main function of the pancreas is to produce enzymes for the digestion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Acute Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed. Causes of acute pancreatitis include infection, gallstones, drugs, excessive […]

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Gallstones

Gallstones Gallstones are small, stone-like objects that form when the liquid in the gallbladder hardens. Gallstones are common in adults but much less common in children. There are many causes for the formation of gallstones in children including various blood disorders, obesity, liver and kidney disease, certain medications etc. Most children with gallstones do not […]

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Autoimmune Liver Disease

Autoimmune Liver Disease Autoimmune liver disease is caused by an abnormal response of the body cells against the cells in the liver. This reaction causes damage to the liver. If left untreated, the liver may become scarred and hardened over time leading to liver failure. Treatment normally involves immune suppressant medications.

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Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty Liver disease in children and adolescents Fatty liver disease occurs when fat builds up in the liver. Although more common in adults, this condition also affects children and adolescents particularly those who are overweight. Fatty liver may result in hardening of the liver. The diagnosis is normally made from blood test, specialised scan of […]

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Hepatitis A, B and C

Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is a virus that attacks the liver. It is transmitted by consuming food and drinks contaminated with the virus or through direct contact with an infected person. Symptoms of Hepatitis A include: Fever Feeling tired Pain on the right side of the belly Jaundice (yellow discolouration of the skin) Nausea and […]

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Liver Conditions

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Poor Growth and Nutrition

Poor Growth and Nutrition in Children In early years, children have increased energy and nutrient requirements as they are undergoing rapid growth. In some children, the growth may be poor for various reasons including the following: Acute illness Chronic illness Malabsorption Hormone problems Restricted diet Feeding problems If your child has poor growth, it is […]

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Ulcerative Colitis

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD refers to chronic inflammation of the bowel.  In general, there are 2 types of Inflammatory bowel disease: Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). IBD is not the same as IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) which is a benign functional bowel condition nor is it infectious. […]

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Crohn’s Disease

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD refers to chronic inflammation of the bowel.  In general, there are 2 types of Inflammatory bowel disease:  Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). IBD is not the same as IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) which is a benign functional bowel condition nor is it infectious. […]