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Endoscopy

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Colonoscopy

What is Colonoscopy? Colonoscopy is a test to look at the lining of the gut mainly the large bowel or colon. We use a flexible telescope with a camera, which sends pictures to a screen. It is a very common investigation for children and adults with gut problems. It helps us find out if there […]

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Gastroscopy

What is Gastroscopy? Gastroscopy is a test to look at the lining of the upper gut (the swallowing tube or oesophagus, stomach, first part of the small intestine). We use a flexible telescope with a camera, which sends pictures to a screen. Gastroscopy is a very common test for children and adults with gut problems. […]

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Gallstones

Gallstones Gallstones are small, stone-like objects that form when the liquid in the gallbladder hardens. Gallstones are common in adults but much less common in children. There are many causes for the formation of gallstones in children including various blood disorders, obesity, liver and kidney disease, certain medications etc. Most children with gallstones do not […]

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Autoimmune Liver Disease

Autoimmune Liver Disease Autoimmune liver disease is caused by an abnormal response of the body cells against the cells in the liver. This reaction causes damage to the liver. If left untreated, the liver may become scarred and hardened over time leading to liver failure. Treatment normally involves immune suppressant medications.

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Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty Liver disease in children and adolescents Fatty liver disease occurs when fat builds up in the liver. Although more common in adults, this condition also affects children and adolescents particularly those who are overweight. Fatty liver may result in hardening of the liver. The diagnosis is normally made from blood test, specialised scan of […]

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Hepatitis A, B and C

Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is a virus that attacks the liver. It is transmitted by consuming food and drinks contaminated with the virus or through direct contact with an infected person. Symptoms of Hepatitis A include: Fever Feeling tired Pain on the right side of the belly Jaundice (yellow discolouration of the skin) Nausea and […]

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Liver Conditions

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Poor Growth and Nutrition

Poor Growth and Nutrition in Children In early years, children have increased energy and nutrient requirements as they are undergoing rapid growth. In some children, the growth may be poor for various reasons including the following: Acute illness Chronic illness Malabsorption Hormone problems Restricted diet Feeding problems If your child has poor growth, it is […]

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Ulcerative Colitis

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD refers to chronic inflammation of the bowel.  In general, there are 2 types of Inflammatory bowel disease: Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). IBD is not the same as IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) which is a benign functional bowel condition nor is it infectious. […]