Gallstones are small, stone-like objects that form when the liquid in the gallbladder hardens. Gallstones are common in adults but much less common in children.
There are many causes for the formation of gallstones in children including various blood disorders, obesity, liver and kidney disease, certain medications etc.
Most children with gallstones do not have any symptoms. However, there may be complications from the gallstones including infection of the gallbladder, obstruction of the bile-ducts caused by the stones or intermittent abdominal pain. Patient may have the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Jaundice (skin turning yellow)
- Abdominal pain
Children with gallstones should have a formal assessment by a paediatric gastroenterologist to establish the cause and/or start appropriate treatment. If you suspect your child may have complications from the gallstones, it is advisable to seek urgent medical attention.