Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a virus that attacks the liver. It is transmitted by consuming food and drinks contaminated with the virus or through direct contact with an infected person. Symptoms of Hepatitis A include:

  1. Fever
  2. Feeling tired
  3. Pain on the right side of the belly
  4. Jaundice (yellow discolouration of the skin)
  5. Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of Hepatitis A involves blood tests. Patients with Hepatitis A need close monitoring of the liver and symptomatic treatment. Most patients will make a full recovery from hepatitis A. Rarely, hepatitis A will cause severe damage leading to liver failure.

Prevention of Hepatitis A is possible by vaccination.

Hepatitis B and C

Both Hepatitis B and C are viruses that affect the liver. In children, the most common cause of Hepatitis B and C infection is by vertical transmission from mother to child. Children with Hepatitis B or C will need regular 6-12 monthly follow-up by a paediatric liver specialist to check on their liver status.  Some of these patients will require treatment with medications for their hepatitis.